It is … [more]. Oenone has thrown herself to the waves. She promised to wait for him and after that, he tries to clear his name in front of Theseus. Oenone Ah, this reproach Moves you! Your son is guiltless, and I, the guilty one, will soon be dead. She hopes again for death, but Oenone urges a plot whereby Hippolytus shall die instead: Her Greek name is Hera. In the final scene of the play, Phaedra confesses to Theseus that Hippolytus was innocent of wrongdoing; he was telling the truth.

Phaedra is scared that Hippolytus will tell everything to his father and Oenona convinces her to blame it all on him. Later, on one of his most famous exploits, Theseus traveled to Crete to kill the minotaur, a creature with the head of a bull and the body of a man. For additional information on Racine’s writing, see Author Information , below. They have taken away my son, and they have given me a daughter. Although the language is elegant and formal, it is also easy to understand, except perhaps for allusions to mythological personages and events. The instrument of others’ suffering, she is also the victim of her own impulses, a figure that inspires both terror and pity. Yes, she exercises free will, but every decision she makes only intensifies her dilemma. Corneille and Racine use of alexandrine In prosody:

Theseus, the Minotaur, and Phaedra. Hippolytus would like nothing better, Oenone says, than to degrade her. Elsewhere, Phaedra, weighted down by guilt and deeply disturbed at the outcome of the scheme against Hippolytus, turns against Oenone as a purveyor of bad advice and casts her out of her sight.


Phaedra: Study Guide

You cannot hate me half as much as I hate myself. The stay at Troezen gives him an opportunity to wash the blood of his enemies from his mind while revisiting a favorite retreat — Troezen was the birthplace of Theseus.

It is now one of the most frequently staged tragedies from the seventeenth century. Theseus, unrelenting, tells Phaedra that Hippolytus slandered her, saying she lied when she accused Hippolytus of incestuous desire.

I love you and I feel guilty of my love. However, Hippolytus says Phaedra is not the reason. Early life and training progression of tragedy In tragedy: The plays of Jean Racine. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Protesting his innocence, Hippolytus discloses his secret love for Aricia to his incredulous father and leaves in despair. Thus, Aricia is off limits to Hippolytus.

Phaedra (Phèdre)

He took refuge in Sicily, where he made friends with the king, Cocalus. Phaedra is scared that Hippolytus will tell everything to his father and Oenona convinces her to blame it all on him.

Type of Work, Phaevra Year, and Source.

Ironically, because of pyaedra ancestry, Aricia has a claim to the throne of Athens in the event of the death of Theseus. She does not hate Hippolytus; she loves him — her stepson! Every time she looked at Theseus, she saw in his face the features of Hippolytus.

The death of Theseus is announced with the news that his succession is in dispute. His rejection of her sets in motion events resulting in his own death and the deaths of Oenone, and, of course, Phaedra. Jean Baptiste Racine, the younger contemporary of Corneille, and his rival for supremacy in French classical tragedy, was born at Ferte-Milon, December 21, Perhaps, Theramenes says, Theseus wishes to keep his whereabouts a secret.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. However, Daedalus designed himself a pair of wings that enabled him to fly out of the labyrinth.

It had to send seven young men and seven young women to Crete periodically to be cast into the laybyrinth. Aricia believes Hippolytus despises her because of his avoidance of her. But here enters Panope, a waiting-woman, with news that Theseus has been reported dead, and Oenone promptly points out to Phaedra that now she must live to protect the interests of both her young son and Hippolytus from another heir, Arica, an Athenian woman of royal blood now living in Troezen as an exile.

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Hippolytus attempts to comfort her with the possibility that Theseus may still be alive, but Phaedra exclaims: Finally, in desperation, she had Hippolytus banished from her presence. Jean Racine was born on October 22 ndin France. She also says she has taken a poison brought to her from Athens.

Life portrayal by Bernhardt In Sarah Bernhardt: My son is killed Indeed, a rival group staged a play by the now forgotten playwright Nicolas Pradon on an almost identical theme. I did not come to make this vile confession; I came to plead for my son